Syrian Pear

Pyrus syriaca

آجاص سوري

By Gideon Pisanty (Gidip) - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0Link

Status: Common

It is  a deciduous tree growing to 10 m and  belongs to the Rosaceae.The stem is spiny, leaves are alternate, entire, dentate or serrate. The flowers are white; they are arranged in dense groups, in spherical aggregates.

Pollination is performed by insects that eat pollen or nectar, especially bees. The tree blossoms in March and April, The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs). The fruits ripen at the end of the Summer. The fruit is green, and small.

Ecology: This tree grows in Mediterranean maquis and forest habitat, prefers unsalted soils where it is glycophyte in terms of salt resistance, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil, and it belongs to Med - Irano-Turanian geographical areas.

Distribution: Its global distribution is limited to the mountains of the northern Middle East.

In Palestine it is considered the only wild pear, it grows on several habitats such as Mediterranean Woodlands and Scrublands, and Semi-steppe shrublands.

Uses: The fruit is edible, though not as good as the European Pear, mostly because of hard, stone like objects found in the skin.

Statues: Least concern