Naples garlic / Allium neapolitanum / ثوم نابولي

By Isidre blanc - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0Link

Status: Common

A perennial geophyte of the Amaryllidaceae family the Naples garlic is a very common plant throughout most of the country. The fact that its stem is triangular in the area of the inflorescence is a distinguishing trait. Its straight leaves can be from 5 to 40 mm wide. It has clusters of white flowers arranged as an umbellate, with all flower parts in multiples of six. The simple six equal-sized white petals of the individual may have pinkish veins on their undersides. The superior ovary has 3 compartments. Pollination is by insects. 

Flowering period: It flowers from February to May. It can multiply vegetatively through its bulbs as well as sexually reproduce with the black seeds enclosed in the petals until they dry up and disintegrate.

Ecology: It is generally found in shrublands, woodlands, and grassy fields, especially in rocky landscapes. The Garlic usually grows in small concentrations.

Distribution in Palestine: It is common in most areas of the country. It is more common in Mediterranean climate. 

Other names:white garlic,daffodil garlic, false garlic, Guernsey star-of-Bethlehem.

IUCN red list status: not evaluated

Local status: least concern