Our Nature

Palestine envelops remarkable range of religious, cultural, historical and natural heritage wealth. This combined variety of attractions formulates an exceptional package for tourists. Palestine's geographical position has given it a blessing making it highly applicable for the ecotourism industry. Being located at the terrestrial meeting point between Eurasia and Africa, made it rich with a variety of plants and animals from the three continents. This contributed to the uniquely rich diversity of Palestinian flora and fauna which has captured the interests of ecologists, taxonomists and researchers. 

The diversity is nurtured also by the most fascinating ecosystsms which are divided into four longitudianal belts: Semi Coast, Central Highlands, Eastern Slopes, and the Jordan Valley. These local climatic variations are largely due to the extensive differential in heights from the lowest point at the Dead Sea, 400m below sea level, to the mountain tops at close to 1000m. Other contributory factors include the different soil types (rich agricultural soil to desert sand) and the varying rainfall levels – from a mean annual rainfall of 50mm in the Jordan Rift Valley to nearer 800mm in the north and west. The variations in rainfall levels make the mountains highly dense with vegetation than the valley. Consequently, multiple wildlife habitats are created hosting over 2,500 species of wild plants with approximately 800 of these plants are considered rare, and around 140 are endemic.  At least 70 of wild mammalian species are found.

Palestine is one of the best locations in the whole world for bird watching as it is located at the juction of three continents. This made the region a "bottleneck" and a crossroad for automn and spring migrations. Around 520 species are recorded with about 500 million migratory birds fly over its narrow airspace annualy.  These birds could be breeding, wintering or migrating. Natural forests in Palestine represent Mediterranean forests which are considered to be biologically valuable. They are essential for maintaining water and soil resources, regulate climate, combat desertification and they provide a wide range of benefits and services to the society. They are mostly found at 700 meters above sea level and are concentrated mainly in the central highlands of Palestine. There are 49 nature reserves in Palestine with an approximate area of 500,400 acres (making 7.7% of the West Bank area). 

Along a walk, visitors can gain knowledge for the history traced back to Canaanites, Ancient Greeks, Romans, Arab Caliphates, Crusaders, Othmans, British mandate, Hashemites up to the Israeli occupation. Furthermore, the biblical periods brought to Palestine some Christian and Islamic significance. Visitors  can hear about the facts and mythologies associated to great numbers of shrines. Local community’s interpretation is critical to the visitors experience as they can elevate it from an average level experience to an unexpected and unforgettable experience. With well-conceived interpretation they can influence the visitors and connect them to a subject, place, culture or issue and get support of environmental conservation.